The likes of Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi may have stolen the headlines in one of the most memorable transfer windows, but there were also moves aplenty for African footballers.
BBC Sport Africa wraps up the continent's biggest transfers.
FRANCE - Ligue 1
In France, Moroccan full-back Achraf Hakimi proved the most expensive African of the window.
Paris Saint-Germain may have wanted Messi, but they also wanted Hakimi who cost around $70m from Inter Milan, for whom he played a pivotal role in Inter's first title in 11 years.
With financial uncertainty engulfing the Italians, PSG moved swiftly to secure the services of the former Real Madrid player - who scored on his league debut against Troyes.
Elsewhere in France, Marseille sealed a season-long loan deal with German club Schalke for 24-year-old Moroccan attacking midfielder Amine Harit.
Algeria's African champion Andy Delort has swapped Montpellier for Nice in a three-year deal while exciting Ghana winger Kamaldeen Sulemana, 19, arrived at Rennes on a five-year deal from Danish outfit FC Nordsjaelland.
Six years after leaving France for Italian giants Juventus, Gabon midfielder Mario Lemina returned when joining Nice from Southampton, for whom he played 52 times in the Premier League.
ENGLAND - Premier League
Long touted as one of football's future stars, Zambia's Patson Daka finally got the big money move his eye-catching performances for Austrian side RB Salzburg over the last two years have earned.
Daka joined Premier League side Leicester City for $30m, a record transfer fee for a Zambian.
Brighton and Hove Albion were also on the hunt for a Zambian, reportedly paying some $26m to bring in midfielder Enock Mwepu - a close friend of Daka - from RB Salzburg.
Nicknamed 'Computer', Mwepu, 23, arrives to bolster the Seagulls' numbers in the middle but he can also play across midfield - either out wide (as he did on occasion for Salzburg), deep in midfield or closer to the forward line.
After almost six years in Scandinavia, Nigerian Frank Onyeka signed a five-year contract with Brentford from Danish club Midtjylland while the Bees also captured DR Congo forward Yoane Wissa from French outfit Lorient.
A winger by trade, the 24-year-old's versatility appealed to coach Thomas Frank, who secured him on a four-year deal.
Elsewhere, Senegal's Abdallah Sima joined Brighton from Slavia Prague, but was immediately loaned to Championship side Stoke City, while his compatriot Pape Matar Sarr joined Tottenham Hotspur from Metz.
Already capped by Senegal, the 18-year-old will remain with the French Ligue 1 club on loan for the rest of the season.
Midfielder Oghenekaro Etebo joined Watford on a season-long loan from Stoke City, who have loaned out the 25-year-old Nigerian three times since he joined in 2018.
The Hornets also added firepower with the signing of Etebo's compatriot Emmanuel Dennis from Belgian side Club Brugge on a five-year deal.
GERMANY - Bundesliga
Nigerian Taiwo Awoniyi, 24, left Liverpool to join German side Union Berlin, where he already has six goals, on a five-year deal.
He scored five goals in 22 games on loan at the Bundesliga club last season and Liverpool have negotiated a 10% sell-on clause in his deal.
Awoniyi, who joined Liverpool in August 2015, never featured for the club and was only granted a work permit to play in the UK in May.
Talented Ivorian defender Odilon Kossounou is already making a strong impression with Bayer Leverkusen, having joined from Club Brugge for just over $27m.
It will come as no surprise, as the German club paid the highest fee ever received by a Jupiler League club in order to snap up the 20-year-old.
Kossounou, who made his international debut for the Ivory Coast in late 2020, "has everything to be able to play an important role in our team in the future" according to Leverkusen sporting director Simon Rolfes.
ITALY - Serie A
Andre Zambo Anguissa joins Napoli on loan from English championship side Fulham to boost his chances of making the Cameroon squad for next year's African Cup of Nations on home soil.
After an underwhelming time at Vicarage Road, Nigeria's Isaac Success left Watford for Udinese on a three-year deal while two more Nigerians, Joel Obi and Simeon 'Simy' Nwankwo, moved to newly-promoted Salernitana.
Obi, 30, signed a one-year deal as a free agent, while Africa's top scorer in Serie A last season with 20 goals, Simy, joins on loan from relegated Crotone with the option of a permanent deal.
Another promoted side, Venezia, also snapped up Nigerian duo of Tyronne Ebuehi (Benfica) and David Okereke (Club Brugge) on loan.
SPAIN - La Liga
The end of the transfer window provided a resolution for one of the summer's more protracted storylines, as 18-year-old Ilaix Moriba ended his association with Spanish giants Barcelona.
German side RB Leipzig won the race to sign the highly-coveted Guinean midfielder, who had fallen out of favour at Camp Nou after he stalled on signing a new contract.
"There aren't many players his age that bring that much talent to the table at a top level," Leoipzig Technical Director Christopher Vivell said in a club statement.
Elsewhere, Algeria international Aissa Mandi, 29, signed a four-year deal with Villarreal on a free transfer following the end of his contract at Real Betis.
Senegalese forward Mamadou Sylla Diallo, 27, joined Deportivo Alavés from Girona on a three-year deal, while compatriot Mamadou Loum N'Diaye, 24, was also loaned to Alaves, for a season from Portuguese giants Porto.
Outside the 'Big Five'
In search of regular football, South African star Percy Tau quit English Premier League side for African football powerhouse Al Ahly of Egypt.
The 27-year-old joined Brighton in 2018 and had successful loan spells with three Belgian clubs - Royale Union Saint-Gilloise, Club Brugge and Anderlecht - before returning to the Albion in January.
He made just six appearances for Albion, making his debut in the FA Cup tie against Newport County in January.
"I have really enjoyed working with Percy," Brighton boss Graham Potter told the club website. "He is very professional and extremely popular with the squad, but at this stage of his career he wants to be playing regularly and we understand that.
"On behalf of everyone at the club I wish him well for the future."
Elsewhere, Nigeria captain Ahmed Musa joined Fatih Karagumruk on a two-year deal, with veteran Moroccan defender Medhi Benatia, 34, also joining the top-flight Turkish side after becoming a free agent.
Nigeria's Henry Onyekuru joined Greek giants Olympiakos on a four-year deal from French side Monaco, while Tanzania international Mbwana Samatta joined Belgian club Royal Antwerp on loan from Turkish powerhouse Fenerbahce.
Since joining the Super Lig side from Aston Villa, the first Tanzanian to play in the Premier League has flattered to deceive - manging just five goals in 27 Turkish league appearances last season
Belgian-born Nigeria international Cyriel Dessers has left Belgian club Genk for a swift return to the Dutch Eredivisie with giants Feyenoord, while another Super Eagle - goalkeeper Francis Uzoho - has re-joined Cypriot club AC Omonia Nicosia after terminating his deal with rivals APOEL Nicosia.